Hysterectomy is a surgical process which comprises of the amputation of the uterus from the body. In some cases, the ovaries are extracted along with the uterus. There are many different forms of hysterectomy. Each has their own surgical method as well as different factors which must be met by the patient if they are to be deemed suitable to undergo this operation. However, laparoscopic hysterectomy is currently preferred over the other forms of surgery as it causes the least distress.
In laparoscopic hysterectomy, the surgery is performed by detaching the uterus and the other required organs. The entire process is performed through a minute incision created in the abdomen using a special instrument called a laparoscope which also has a powerful camera embedded in it to allow the doctor to see all the processes occurring inside the abdomen clearly on a TV monitor. In the case of this surgery, the incision is made directly atop the uterus.
The uterus is detached using special instruments that are inserted into the abdomen through the tiny incisions and all the tissue that is to be removed is either extracted through the vagina or through the incision. This surgery is also able to remove large cysts located on ovaries by using a small pouch that is introduced into the abdomen through the incision. The cyst can be placed inside the pouch and safely removed either through the vagina or it can also be crumpled while inside the pouch allowing it to be easily removed through the opening.
Life after surgery is not very difficult as laparoscopic hysterectomy does not leave behind any large scars. This is one of the reasons; laparoscopic procedures are becoming increasingly popular even in appendectomy cases, where the usual long scar above the pubic line – a common effect of normal surgeries – can be completely avoided. The only visible scars that remain are the three or four small incisions made in various locations of the abdomen. One of the incisions is made inside the belly button, another is made just atop the pubic bone and the last one is made in the middle of the front side of the hip bone. After surgery, the patient will be required to take rest for at least two days in the hospital and two weeks at home, away from any and all work and chores.
Though laparoscopic hysterectomy has a very high success rate, it may include complications and side effects. There is a risk that other organs inside the abdomen such as the bladder or the ureter may be damaged during operation. Difficulties may also arise after surgery such as urinary tract injury, peritoneal complications and even Thrombo-embolism. However, the risk of anything going wrong is very small; each of the problems mentioned above have less than 5% chance of occurring. Laparoscopic procedures are also known to take less amount of time compared to general surgical procedures, with the quickest surgeries recorded to be around 10 minutes in a particular case.
Laparoscopic hysterectomy is a surgery that can be performed on a wide range of women. Almost any woman can qualify. Women who have never given birth, women who have previously had surgery in or around the abdomen and even women who are faced with cancer are suitable for this surgery. However, even though this surgical process is not new, it is still less practiced with older doctors. But because of the growing demand of this specific hysterectomy, new doctors who are studying in this field are all made knowledgeable and are given sufficient training to be able to perform this surgery successfully.