Types of dentures

For those who are missing one or several teeth, the stress is imaginable, and yet unthinkable at the same time. Apart from the extreme tooth aches and difficulties with eating, chewing and talking, the patient also suffers utter mental trauma. Dentures have been an effective solution to all these problem for a very long while. But with four different types, the patient must know which one to go for, and when.

1) Standard Denture
This is for people who are missing all of their teeth. The size can be optimized for a best fit and best comfort, by chiseling away at the back of the denture. However it should be warned that the denture’s stability, strength and withholding depend on the length of the back of the denture. This is because the denture depends on suction tto retain its position, so the more surface area is cut down, the less suction the denture has.

A typical denture of this sort needs around four appointments for installation. In the first appointment, the doctor conducts several examinations including X-Rays, and obtaining impressions of the upper and lower edentulous or toothless ridges of the gums, in plastic wax. Plaster is filled into the impressions for an accurate shape. The doctor also decides upon the size of the teeth, the shade of white the teeth will have, as well as the particular shape.

During the second appointment, the doctor further verifies the length of the teeth, and carefully adjusts the plane of installation such that the teeth correspond to an invisible line drawn between the pupils of the eyes. The linings up of the teeth are also verified, so that the upper lip falls over the upper jaw correctly.

During the third appointment, the patient tries on the new dentures, and then acquires any changes that need to be done. The fourth appointment is for the final installation.

2) Immediate Dentures

It can be presumed that upon reading the heading, one could quite naturally think that with immediate dentures at hand, why go through all the hassle of getting a standard denture! Well, the answer is, an immediate denture is only a temporary denture. These are installed right after the patient has undergone surgery for extraction of their bad teeth. One of the main purposes is to stop the bleeding by plugging the wound, while other purposes are to prevent the disadvantages of toothlessness. These provide the gums time to heal, so as to make fit the patient for installation of standard dentures in about a year or so. Many reasons prevent one from making the denture permanent. One of the reasons are, following the extraction of natural teeth, bone decay and loss takes place, that had previously held the original tooth in place. This leads to instability of the dentures and sore spots that require further medical attention.

3) Cu-Sil Dentures
Cu- Sil dentures are the option for people who would still like to retain some of their original teeth. However this cannot be an option if the patient still has many healthy and normal natural teeth. It is a typical standard denture only with holes and places left for the normal teeth to fit through. Leaving holes int eh dentures ends up causing problems with stability, retention and alignment, all three of which are factors for beautiful teeth. Often the stability also depends on the type and placement of the original teeth e.g. canines are better for optimized stability than molars.

4) Dental Implants
Dental implants are by far the most stable of all the types. Grips are installed into the jaw of the patient, with time given for them to heal and settle in. Newly constructed and crafted teeth are then put into place. But the disadvantages of this are the least, with maximum stability, retention and alignment.

Last updated on Sep 3rd, 2010 and filed under Dental Health. Both comments and pings are currently closed.

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